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Bitumens are generally made in two types: natural or mineral and oil or refinery. Both forms of this material, despite minor differences in structure, generally have similar shapes and properties. In a nutshell, bitumen or bitumen is bitumen that is extracted naturally and readily, through mineral extraction or from lakes of natural bitumen. Meanwhile, bitumen or refinery is extracted in the process of crude oil processing.
Bitumen has various applications in different industries. This bitumen is used in road construction, oil and gas industries, waterproofing and insulation, and finally coking and as a fuel.
The easiest way to use natural bitumen is to use it as fuel. In this method, mineral bitumen is used to fuel the furnaces with almost no processing operations.
But the use of bitumen in the insulation industry, especially in the oil and gas industry, is one of its most important applications. Oil and gas pipelines are more prone to corrosion and decay than any other pipeline. In the meantime, bitumen helps these pipes to be well insulated and to be much less exposed to corrosion damage.
As we have said, another use of bitumen is road construction. The bitumen or glysonate used in this context is called natural asphalt. This material helps to pave roads at a much lower cost than using petroleum bitumen.
But bitumen is not used only in the mentioned cases. This material can be used in a wide variety of other applications if properly processed. For example, the use of mineral bitumen in the production of drilling cement and certain chemicals such as adhesives and sealants are important examples in this field.
In a more detailed category, the bitumen extraction site divides it into several different samples. The place of extraction of mineral bitumen causes their material and the composition of the materials used in them to have important differences with each other; This issue is also effective in the type of application
The most famous mineral bitumen is called glysonate. Glysonate is also known as natural asphalt due to its shape, structure and application. This substance is actually crude oil hardened by pressure. This material should be considered the purest output of a natural bitumen mine. A substance that is perfectly recognizable by the appearance of shiny black lumps.